In chapter Nine, Major major major maor begins to sign papers with the name "John MIlton" .
Major Major has never done anything "bad", never disobeyed a rule, but after decieving the CID men by signing John MIlton, he realizes that he loves doing "bad" things. aka: sinning.

Here, Heller connects Major Major to two biblical classics via major's newly adopted signiture "John Milton"

  1. "At the of each day's work, god looks upon his creation " [Adam and Eve] and sees that it is good" (Genesis 1)

2. Then Adam and Eve disobey god and things are not good for them: "God evicts the from Paradise" (Genesis 3)
This story of the Genesis is retold in a poem called "Paradise Lost" by an English Poet named John MIlton.
A quote by John Milton can also be found in the novel The Handmaid's Tale, concealed as if it were a biblical quote.

The Handmaid's tale also references the Bible in various perverted ways, for example by alluding to the story of Jacob and his wives Leah and Rachel who request their handmaids to produce children for them (Genesis 30:1-3). THe society uses this as a justification of the Handmaid system of reproduction.

Another direct allusion to the Bible occurs in chapter 34, during the mass mariage ceremony to promot the notion of male domination and female submission ((I Timothy 2:9-15).

The Bible, as stated above, is referenced many times throughout the course of The Handmaid's Tale and plays a significant role in structuring the system on which the corrupt Gilead government functions.